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Anglophone crisis: African Union elected federalism, rejected secession

Following an ordinary session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights in May 2009, the African Union recommended to the State of Cameroon to resolve the demands of the Anglophone separation movements through fanck and honest dialogue.

Excluding any form of separation, the Commission then,prescribed a return to federalism.

Federalism, YES but NO to separation. This was one of the recommendations made by the African Union’s National Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Cadhp) during its 45th Ordinary Session held from 13 to 27 May 2009 in Banjul, The Gambia .

The Commission, in its communication 266/03 of the 9th of January 2003, rejected any idea of ​​separation from the members of the Southern Cameroons National Council (SCNC) and Southern Cameroons People’s Organization (SCAPO). Concluding therefore that a comprehensive national dialogue between the state of Cameroon and the Anglophone restoration movements should be organised .

In their complaint to the AU, these Anglophone restoration organizations denounce the violation of both their civil and right to self-determination by the State of Cameroon, political and economic rights enshrine in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.


In its recommendations, Cadhp pleaded that the SCNC and SCAPO movements be “transform into political parties.Also,they should abandon separation and engage in a constructive dialogue with the respondent state on constitutional issues. In the absence of separation , Cadhp proposed federalism:

The Commission, however, accepted autonomy within a sovereign state, within the framework of an autonomous government, a confederation or a federation.

To the demands of the Anglophone seperationist, the State of Cameroon has always responded with repression: arbitrary arrests, detention, murders, enforced disappearances, legal proceedings, etc.

According to the Cadhp,  all these human rights violations against the Anglophone minority is marginalization.The AU body also confirmed that the former British territory has the right to be considered as a people Source :hurinews.com (translated by Anja Terence for All Afrikan Network)

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