Below are some provisions of the Electoral Code specific to the public funding of political parties and election and referendum campaigns:
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTORY PROVISIONS
SECTION 275.- (1) Political parties and groups shall help the electorate in the making of voting decisions.
(2) As such, they may receive public funding in the context of their missions, according to conditions fixed under this law.
SECTION 276.- (1) Public financing shall concern both the routine activities of political parties and those devoted to the organization of election and referendum campaigns.
(2) Funds derived from public funding shall be public funds.
(3) The public funding of political parties or candidates shall not be a source of personal enrichment.
SECTION 277.-(1) A control commission is hereby instituted to verify, on the basis of supporting documents, that the use of funds by political parties or candidates conforms to the purpose of this law.
(2) Political parties or candidates receiving public funding shall be bound to keep an account thereof.
(3) The organization, composition, powers and functioning of the commission referred to in sub-section (1) above shall be fixed by the President of the Republic.
SECTION 278- (1) It shall be forbidden for any political party to receive subsidies or funding from foreign persons, organizations, powers and/or States.
(2) Conditions for the private funding of political parties and election and referendum campaigns shall be fixed by a special instrument.
CHAPTER II: PUBLIC FUNDING OF POLITICAL PARTIES
SECTION 279.- Each year, the finance law shall include a subsidy to cover certain operating costs of legally recognized political parties, in accordance with Section 281 below.
SECTION 280.- The subsidy referred to in Section 279 above shall be provided by the State to a political party to cover inter alia:
– recurrent administrative expenses;
– the dissemination of its political programme ;
– the co-ordination of the political activities of its members ;
– preparation for elections and referendums.
SECTION 281.- The subsidy shall be divided in 2 (two) equal parts:
– the first, to be allocated to political parties represented in the National
Assembly, the Senate, the regional council and/or the municipal council;
– the second, to be allocated to political parties in accordance with the results of the last election of Members of Parliament, Senators and/or regional and municipal councillors.
SECTION 282.- (1) The part allocated to the funding of political parties represented in the National Assembly, the Senate, the Regional Council and/or the Municipal Council shall be paid in proportion to their respective number of seats.
(2) The Bureaux of the National Assembly, the Senate, the Regional Council and/or the Municipal Council shall furnish a list of Members of Parliament, Senators, regional councillors and municipal councillors representing each political party.
SECTION 283.- (1) The part allocated to the functioning of political parties in accordance with the results obtained at the last election of Members of Parliament, Senators, regional councillors and municipal councillors shall be paid to parties which obtained at least 5% of the votes cast in at least one constituency at the said elections.
(2) The distribution shall be in proportion of results obtained.